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DAT Solutions says spot van, reefer rates show signs of life

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Map shows van load to truck ratios by market. (Courtesy: DAT SOLUTIONS)

PORTLAND, Ore. — Spot truckload freight volumes continued to build during the week ending May 26 and improving van and refrigerated load-to-truck ratios contributed to higher rates on major lanes, said DAT Solutions, which operates the industry’s largest network of load boards.

National average spot rates barely moved compared to the previous week, however:

National average spot rates through May 26 include:

  • Van: $1.80/mile, 1 cent lower than the April average
  • Reefer: $2.16/mile, 1 cent higher than April
  • Flatbed: $2.29/mile, 4 cents lower than April

Reefer rates

There was good news for reefer carriers as a surge in shipments ahead of Memorial Day weekend lifted rates on 44 of the top 72 reefer lanes. The national average reefer load-to-truck ratio jumped from 2.6 to 2.9, equal to where it was during the first week of May.

Where rates are rising: California’s Central Valley seems to be building toward a typical June peak. Rising reefer volumes produced higher rates on lanes from Sacramento, California, and Fresno, California, including:

  • Sacramento to Salt Lake City, up 39 cents to $2.62/mile
  • Fresno to Denver, up 18 cents to $2.27/mile

The bad news? A solid week of rain ahead of Memorial Day has devastated this year’s cherry crop, which was estimated to be more than 10 million cartons — a record. The California Farm Bureau said growers expect to lose nearly two thirds of that amount. Too much rain so close to harvest can cause cherries to split down the side or along the stem, rendering them unsalable except for processing.

Van trends

Rates were higher on 54 of the top 100 van lanes compared to the previous week and the national average van load-to-truck ratio improved from 1.6 to 1.8. That’s still below expectations for this time year.

Where rates are rising: Atlanta, which boasted the highest number of van load posts in the country last week. Rates between Atlanta and Memphis rose in both directions, a hopeful sign that retail goods are on the move. On the other side of the country, two lanes out of Los Angeles drew notice:

  • Los Angeles to Denver: $2.50/mile, up 17 cents
  • Los Angeles to Seattle: $2.39/mile, up 13 cents, although pricing out of Seattle was weak; the Seattle-L.A. return trip fell 14 cents to $1.16/mile

DAT Trendlines is a weekly snapshot of month-to-date national average rates from DAT RateView, which provides real-time reports on spot market and contract rates, as well as historical rate and capacity trends. The RateView database is comprised of more than $60 billion in freight payments. DAT load boards average 1.2 million load posts searched per business day.

For the latest spot market loads and rate information, visit dat.com/trendlines and follow @LoadBoards on Twitter.

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ACT Research For-Hire Trucking Index: Bottoming process under way?

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ACT Research Vice President and Senior Analyst Tim Denover said a recent surge in the For-Hire Trucking Index is being partially driven by strong consumer trends. (Courtesy: ACT RESEARCH)

COLUMBUS, Ind. — The latest release of ACT’s For-Hire Trucking Index with September data showed an even stronger surge than July with the Volume Index up to 59.6 (seasonally-adjusted) from 47.6 in August.

The September Pricing Index rebounded as well, if to a lesser degree, rising to 52.2 (SA), from 47.1 in August.

The ACT For-Hire Trucking Index is a monthly survey of for-hire trucking service providers. ACT Research converts responses into diffusion indexes, where the neutral or flat level is 50. In return, participants receive a detailed monthly analysis of the survey data, including volumes, freight rates, capacity, productivity and purchasing intentions, plus a complimentary copy of ACT’s Transportation Digest report.

“We remain mindful of shippers’ duty to manage tariff risk, but this surge is likely also being driven by strong consumer trends,” said Tim Denoyer, ACT Research’s vice president and senior analyst. “With still-aggressive private fleet growth and a weak U.S. manufacturing sector, choppy results will likely continue, but the past few months suggest a bottoming process is underway. It won’t be linear, as record U.S. Class 8 tractor retail sales in September tell us capacity is still being added rather quickly, but capacity rebalancing will unfold over the course of next year.”

Buying intentions pulled back materially in September, falling to 48.3% of respondents planning to buy trucks in the next three months, from 53.9% in August (SA).

Regarding purchase intentions, Denoyer said, “The unsustainable pattern of low orders with long backlogs supporting record purchasing is set to end right around the new year, and notably it’s the private fleets, not the for-hire carriers, that are still adding capacity.”

The ACT Freight Forecast provides forecasts for the direction of volumes and contract rates quarterly through 2020 with three years of annual forecasts for the truckload, less-than-truckload and intermodal segments of the transportation industry. For the truckload spot market, the report provides forecasts for the next twelve months. The ACT Research Freight Forecast uses equipment capacity modeling and the firm’s economics expertise to provide unprecedented visibility for the future of freight rates, helping businesses in transportation and logistics management plan for the future with confidence.

ACT Research is a publisher of commercial vehicle truck, trailer, and bus industry data, market analysis and forecasts for the North America and China markets.

For-hire trucking executives interested in participating in the For-Hire Trucking Index should email trucks@actresearch.net.

 

 

 

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DAT Solutions says spot loads declined 5% for week ending October 22

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Chart shows rates for three segments of the trucking industry for the past four months. (Courtesy: DAT SOLUTIONS)

PORTLAND, Ore. — Despite higher freight volumes in several key markets, load postings fell 5% nationwide and truck posts dipped 1% during the week ending October 22, said DAT Solutions, which operates the industry’s largest electronic marketplace for spot truckload freight.

National average spot van, refrigerated, and flatbed rates were mostly unchanged compared to the previous week.

National Average Spot Rates for October (through October 22) include:

  • Van: $1.81 per mile, 3 cents lower than the September average
  • Flatbed: $2.20 per mile, unchanged compared to September
  • Reefer: $2.12 per mile, 4 cents lower than September

Van Trends

Spot van rates were higher on just 33 of DAT’s Top 100 largest van lanes by volume. Chicago, Dallas and Los Angeles, three of the most important van markets, all showed higher volumes last week, although average outbound rates declined in each. The Los Angeles load-truck ratio hit 4.1 last Friday after starting the week at 2.5 (neutral) and dipping as low as 1.8 on Tuesday. It’s a sign that import traffic is moving eastbound.

Where rates were up: Volume from Seattle increased slightly and outbound rate gained 5 cents to $1.58 per mile. Key lanes included:

  • Seattle to Salt Lake City, up 7 cents to $1.94 per mile
  • Seattle to Los Angeles, up 6 cents to $1.36 per mile

Seattle is the only major van market where rates are higher over the past four weeks.

Reefer Trends

A combination of produce from Mexico and strong domestic agricultural shipments from California, Florida, Texas, and the Upper Midwest has pushed spot reefer volumes 9% higher over the past four weeks yet the national average rate has declined 3% at the same time.

Where rates were up: Reefer volumes from Nogales, Arizona, increased 68% compared to the previous week and the average outbound rate rose 7 cents to $1.75 per mile. McAllen, Texas, volume jumped 38% although the average outbound rate held at $1.95 per mile. Other high-volume markets last week also had plenty of trucks, which helped tame any changes in rates.

This weekly spot-rate snapshot is derived from DAT RateView, which provides real-time reports on spot market and contract rates, as well as historical rate and capacity trends. The RateView database is comprised of more than $65 billion in annualized freight payments. DAT load boards average 1.2 million load searches per business day.

For more information, visit www.dat.com/Trendlines.

 

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OIG to audit FMCSA’s oversight of compliance of state CDL programs

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In initiating the audit, the Department of Transportation Office of the Inspector General not that there had been an 11% increase in fatalities in crashes involving large trucks or buses. (©2019 FOTOSEARCH)

WASHINGTON — A fatal traffic accident in Massachusetts involving a tractor trailer has prompted the Office of Inspector General of the Department of Transportation to initiate an audit of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s review of state commercial driver’s license programs to determine whether those programs comply with CDL regulations.

The OIG Tuesday notified the FMCSA of its intent.

The notice said that earlier this year, a fatal crash involving a commercial driver led to an internal investigation by the Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicles (RMV) that found that RMV had not systematically processed out-of-state paper notifications of driver convictions in about five years.

The OIG said that investigation also identified a software flaw that hindered RMV’s ability to process out-of-state electronic notifications in a timely manner.

Consequently, this past summer, RMV issued thousands of CDL suspensions, based on previously unprocessed out-of-state notifications.

“Accordingly, our objective for this self-initiated audit is to assess FMCSA’s oversight of state driver’s licensing agencies’ actions to disqualify commercial drivers when warranted,” wrote Barry J. DeWeese, assistant Inspector General for surface transportation audits. “We will begin the audit immediately and coordinate with your audit liaison to schedule an entrance conference. We will conduct our audit at FMCSA.”

DeWeese noted that the FMCSA’s primary mission is to reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses, but said that in recent years, the number of large trucks and buses on the roads has increased.

Similarly, he said, according to FMCSA data as of June 2019, fatalities in crashes involving large trucks or buses have grown from 4,455 in 2013 to 4,949 in 2018, an 11% increase.

A spokesman for FMCSA said as it always does, the agency would cooperate with the OIG to complete the audit.

 

 

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